Hierarchical Information-based Clustering for Connectivity-based Cortex Parcellation

TitleHierarchical Information-based Clustering for Connectivity-based Cortex Parcellation
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsGorbach, Nico Stephan, Schütte Christoph, Melzer Corina, Goldau Mathias, Sujazow Olivia, Jitsev Jenia, Douglas Tania, and Tittgemeyer Marc
JournalFrontiers in Neuroinformatics
AbstractOne of the most promising avenues for compiling connectivity data originates from the notion that individual brain regions maintain individual connectivity profiles; the functional repertoire of a cortical area ("the functional fingerprint") is closely related to its anatomical connections ("the connectional fingerprint") and, hence, a segregated cortical area may be characterized by a highly coherent connectivity pattern. Diffusion tractography can be used to identify borders between such cortical areas. Each cortical area is defined based upon a unique probabilistic tractogram and such a tractogram is representative of a group of tractograms, thereby forming the cortical area. The underlying methodology is called connectivity-based cortex parcellation, and requires essentially clustering or grouping of similar diffusion tractograms. Despite the relative success of this technique in producing anatomically sensible results, existing clustering techniques in the context of connectivity-based parcellation typically depend on several nontrivial assumptions. In this paper, we embody an unsupervised hierarchical information-based framework to clustering probabilistic tractograms that avoids many drawbacks offered by previous methods. Cortex parcellation of the inferior frontal gyrus together with the precentral gyrus demonstrates a proof of concept of the proposed method: The automatic parcellation reveals cortical subunits consistent with cytoarchitectonic maps and previous studies including connectivity-based parcellation. Further insight into the hierarchically modular architecture of cortical subunits is given by revealing coarser cortical structures that differentiate between primary as well as pre-motoric areas and those associated with pre-frontal areas.